The JIPM runs the annual PM Excellence Award and they provide a checklist for companies applying for the award. There are 10 main items in the checklist:
Today, there are many similar examples such as Fujitsu-Fanuc, the world's most advanced unmanned-factory, which uses reliable computer controllers for manufacturing automation. Likewise super-computers run 24 hours a day all over the world to provide uninterrupted services to the banking, finance, air-flight, hotel, tourist, telecommunication and other service industries. However, this would not be possible without TPM.
TPM is a programme for fundamental improvement that involves the entire human resource. When implemented fully, TPM dramatically improves productivity and quality and reduces costs. As automation and labour-saving equipment take production tasks away from humans, the condition of production and office equipment increasingly affects output, quality, cost, delivery, health and safety, and employee morale. In a typical factory, however, many pieces of equipment are poorly maintained. Neglected equipment results in chronic losses and time wasted on finding and treating the causes.
Equipment Effectiveness is Everyone's Responsibility
Both operations and maintenance departments should accept responsibility of keeping equipment in good conditions. To eliminate the waste and losses hidden in a typical factory environment, we must acknowledge the central role of workers in managing the production process. No matter how thoroughly plants are automated or how many robots are installed, people are ultimately responsible for equipment operation and maintenance. Every aspect of a machine's performance, whether good or bad, can be traced back to a human act or omission. Therefore no matter how advanced the technology is, people play a key role in maintaining the optimum performance of the equipment.
When company employees accept this point of view, they will see the advantage of building quality into equipment and building an environment that prevents equipment and tools from generating production or quality problems. This company-wide team-based effort is the heart of TPM. It represents a dramatic change from the traditional "I make -- you fix" attitude that so often divides workers. Through TPM, everyone co-operates to maintain equipment the company depends on for survival and ultimately for profitability.
Goals and Objectives of TPM
The goal of TPM is to increase the productivity of plant and equipment. Consequently, maximised output will be achieved through the effort of minimising input -- improving and maintaining equipment at optimal levels to reduce its life cycle cost. Cost-effectiveness is a result of an organisation's ability to eliminate the causes of the 'six big losses' that reduce equipment effectiveness:
Through these activities, the company can gradually eliminate the losses shown in Figure 8.2, establish a more effective relationship between operators and machines, and maintain equipment in the best possible condition.
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